Download: Linux Deepin 12.12 Alpha
Download: Linux Deepin 12.12 Alpha
Downlaod: SystemRescueCd 3.3.0
Binary files such as (.BIN) and shell scripts (.SH) are another popular format for distributing applications, particularly in the commercial, closed-source world. A good example of this are the Quake 3 and Doom 3 games from id Software. Basically all these files are is a list of commands that are run inside a terminal to copy, move, and create files in your file system. You can run these files like so:
For BIN files:
1. Make sure the file is set to "executable" by running this command:
chmod +x xyz.bin
The first beta of the upcoming openSUSE Linux 12.3, scheduled for final release on 13 March, is out and ready for testing: "According to plan, today openSUSE 12.3 beta sees the light. The beta comes with mostly smallish changes as we're in serious testing waters now – we hope you're out there to help us clear the way to the final release. The beta comes with 4.10 RC2 of KDE's workspaces and applications. KDE has announced a third RC due to some late changes and this version is part of a testing sprint organized by the KDE Quality team. openSUSE KDE packagers have build a special live image to test this release but we urge you to get the beta packages from software.opensuse.org as they are of course newer.
Download: openSUSE-KDE-LiveCD-Build0348-x86_64.iso - openSUSE-GNOME-LiveCD-Build0348-x86_64.iso
Fedora 18, the latest stable version of the Red Hat-sponsored community distribution of Linux, has finally arrived: "The Fedora project is incredibly delighted to announce the release of Fedora 18. What's new? The user interface for Fedora's installation software, Anaconda, has been completely re-written from the ground up. Making its debut in Fedora 18, the new UI introduces major improvements to the installation experience. It uses a hub-and-spoke model that makes installation easier for new users, offering them concise explanations about their choices. Advanced users and system administrators are of course still able to take advantage of more complex options. The general look and feel of the installation experience has been vastly upgraded, providing modern, clean, and comprehensible visuals during the process.
Fedora 18 x86_64 DVD
Karanbir Singh has announced the release of CentOS 5.9, a Linux distribution built from the source code of the recently-released Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 5.9: "We are pleased to announce the immediate availability of CentOS 5.9 for i386 and x86_64 architectures. New features: the UOP added native MySQL support to Postfix, you might consider moving from the postfix-mysql package from the centosplus repo to this package if you are using the centosplus package only for MySQL support; java-1.7.0-openjdk (Java 7) support has been added in CentOS-5.9, java-1.6.0-openjdk (Java 6) is also still available and most things java in the distribution still use Java 6; ant17 (Ant 1.7.0) has been added to CentOS-5.9, the older ant (Ant 1.6.5) is also still available; Microsoft Hyper-V drivers have been added to allow CentOS to be more efficient as a virtual machine when installed on Microsoft Hyper-V server.
Download: CentOS-5.9-x86_64-bin-DVD-1of2.iso , CentOS-5.9-x86_64-bin-DVD-2of2.iso
RPM stands for RedHat Package Management, but is pretty universal and used in modern linux Distro's. In many cases a simple click on the RPM icon will open a GUI for easy installation. Sometimes you can even do a test-install to see if all dependencies are correct.
For the commandline we have: ( assuming we want to install samba-2.2.1a-4 )
# rpm -ihv samba-2.2.1a-4.rpm ( Will install the package )
# rpm -Uhv samba-2.2.1a-4.rpm ( Will upgrade the package )
# rpm -e samba-2.2.1a-4.rpm ( Delete the package )
# rpm -l samba-2.2.1a-4.rpm ( Will list the files in the package )
# rpm -ql samba-2.2.1a-4.rpm ( Will list the files and state the installed version of the package )
The legacy 5.x branch of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) has moved to version 5.9, incorporating all recent feature and security updates: "Red Hat, Inc. today announced the next minor release of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.9. This release marks the beginning of Production Phase 2 of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 and demonstrates the company's continuing effort to promote stability and the preservation of customers' investments in the platform. It maintains Red Hat's commitment to a 10-year life cycle through the introduction of several new features, including hardware enablement, security, standards and certifications, developer tools, virtualization, and more. As with all minor releases, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.9 maintains backwards compatibility with hardware and software platforms across the life cycle of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.
Download: download center
There have been many questions about, what is the difference between “su” and “root” . . well, the difference is minimal but still very important.
As you login as “root” right from booting the system, all the privileges are set to root, what makes your system more vulnerable to your own mistakes and those wishing to enter your system.
As you login as normal user, the privileges are limited, thus it´s safer. To be able to do administrative tasks you can temporally login as root using “su” in a console/terminal, that way the root privileges are limited to the actions you do in the console. So the rest of the system is still in “normal user” mode, and this makes it safer.
We do use the same password for “su” and “root”, but once you are logged in as normal user, typing “root” in terminal will only give you “bash: root: command not found”.
The honour of the first release announcement of 2013 goes to Parsix GNU/Linux, a distribution based on Debian's testing branch and featuring the GNOME 3 desktop: "The updated 4.0r1 version has been synchronized with Debian's testing repositories as of December 29, 2012 and brings lots of updated packages compared to Parsix 3.7 aka Raul. Parsix Gloria is project's first release with the GNOME 3 series and ships with LibreOffice productivity suite by default. Gloria has a brand-new software manager package. Highlights: GNOME 3.4.2, X.Org 7.7, GRUB 2, GNU Iceweasel 17.0.1, GParted 0.12.1, Empathy 22.214.171.124, LibreOffice 3.5.4, VirtualBox 4.1.18 and a brand-new kernel based on Linux 3.2.35 with TuxOnIce 3.3, BFS and other extra patches. The live DVD has been compressed using Squashfs and xz. Main changes are: X.Org Server 1.12.4, glibc 2.13, GIMP 2.8.2, Grisbi 0.8.9, VLC 2.0.5, xFarDic 0.11.7.
Download:Parsix 4.0R1-i386 Parsix 4.0R1-x64
FreeBSD 9.1 has been released: "The FreeBSD Release Engineering team is pleased to announce the availability of FreeBSD 9.1-RELEASE. This is the second release from the stable/9 branch, which improves on the stability of FreeBSD 9.0 and introduces some new features. Some of the highlights: new Intel GPU driver with GEM/KMS support; netmap(4) fast userspace packet I/O framework; ZFS improvements from Illumos project; CAM Target Layer, a disk and processor device emulation subsystem; optional new C++11 stack including LLVM libc++ and libcxxrt; jail devfs, nullfs, zfs mounting and configuration file support; POSIX2008 extended locale support, including compatibility with Darwin extensions; oce(4) driver for Emulex OneConnect 10Gbit Ethernet card.
Download: FreeBSD-9.1-RELEASE-i386-dvd.iso FreeBSD-9.1-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso